New Mexico State Bird
- Official New Mexico State Bird Name: Roadrunner
- American Ornithologists' Union Common Name: Greater Roadrunner
- Family: Cuculidae, Cuckoos, Roadrunners, Anis
- Scientific name: Geococcyx californianus
- Length: 23" (58 cm)
- Diet: Animals (90%), including insects, lizards, snakes,
rodents, birds (especially passerines); fruit (especially cactus),
Meep Meep (just kidding!)
Song a slow, descending series of about six resonant, low-pitched coos: cooo
cooo cooo cooo coo coo; weaker at end. Also a low, hollow, wooden
clatter or rattle trrrt produced by bill.
- Habitat: Common in scrub desert and mesquite
groves; less common in chaparral and open woodland.
- Displays: Male parades with head held high and stiff, wings
and tail drooped; precedes male mating song. Male also bows,
alternately lifts and drops wings while spreading tail.
- Number of broods: 1, occasionally 2.
- Nest: Usually in low tree, thicket, or cactus
clump. Of sticks, lined with leaves, grass, feathers, mesquite pod,
snakeskin, roots, and manure flakes. Occasionally atop woodrat nest.
- Eggs: Averages 4-6 white eggs with chalky
yellowish coat. 1.5" (39 mm).
- Incubation period: 20 days
- Fledge: 18 days after hatching
- Longevity Record: 3 Years and 9 months (according to USGS
Bird Banding Lab). They undoubtably live longer, but a banded
bird has never been recaptured over a longer time span to prove it.
The chaparral bird, commonly called roadrunner, is adopted as the official New Mexico State Bird
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