Ohio State Bird
- Official Ohio State Bird Name: Cardinal
- American Ornithologists' Union Common Name: Northern
- Also Know As: Red Bird
- Family: Cardinalidae, Cardinals
- Scientific name: Cardinalis cardinalis
- Length: 8.75" (22 cm)
- Diet: Primarily insects, but also seeds & fruit.
Song a series of high, clear, sharp, mostly slurred
whistles woit woit woit woit chew chew chew chew chew or
pichew pichew tiw tiw tiw tiw tiw; many variations. Call a high,
hard tik; also a softer, rising twik.
- Habitat: Woodland edges, thickets, suburban
gardens, towns, swamps.
- Displays: Male and female with outstretched necks and erect
crests sway bodies from side to side while singing softly.
- Number of broods: 2, 3, occasionally 4 broods.
- Nest: In bramble thickets or tree saplings, 1-15' above ground;
compact and well lined to flimsy and scarcely lined; of weed stems,
pliable twigs, bark strips, grass rootlets, with leaves and paper
interwoven, lined with fine grass, hair.
- Eggs: Averages 3-4 grayish-, bluish-,
greenish-white eggs, marked with browns, grays, purples. 1.0" (25 mm).
- Incubation period: 12-13 days
- Fledge: 9-10 days after hatching
- Longevity Record: 15 Years and 9 months (according to USGS
Bird Banding Lab)
The Cardinal was declared as the Ohio State Bird (Ohio Revised Code, General Provisions, Chapter 5 State Insignia: 5.03. Official State Bird).
Cardinals are considered one of America's favorite backyard birds and is the State Bird of six other states besides Ohio:
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