U.S. State Bird of Connecticut, Michigan and Wisconsin
- American Robin
The American Robin is the State Bird of three "Northern" states: Connecticut Michigan and Wisconsin.
The arival of the American Robin is one of the first signs of Spring since it is one of the first birds to return from Wintering areas and is one of
the first birds to start singing and nest building.
American Ornighologists Union (AOU) Common Name: American Robin
Family: Turdidae; Thrushes
Scientific name: Turdus migratorius
Length: 10" (25 cm)
Diet: Insects, earthworms, snails, etc.; much fruit. Young
Voice: Song a series of low, whistled phrases with liquid
quality typical of thrushes; each phrase delivered rather quickly but
with long pauses between phrases; often 2 or 3 phrases alternately
repeated over and over plurrri, liwi, plurrri, kliwi....Call
varies from a low mellow pup or a sharp, clucking, often
doubled piik to a sharper, rapid, urgent series kli
quiquiquiqui koo; also a lower, softer puk puk puk and
a harsh, high, descending shheerr. Flight call al very high,
trilled, descending srreel; often combined with other calls
such as a srreel puk puk puk. Alarm like other thrushes:
a very high, thing tseew or shorter seew.
Displays: Courting groups of males chase female,
or male struts around female with tail spread, wings shaking, throat
Number of broods: 2, occasionally 3.
Nest: In trees 10-20' above ground; also
buildings, other structures offering sufficient support, shrubs,
occasionally on ground; unkempt foundation of protruding twigs and
grass, cup of mud, lined with fine grass.
Eggs: Averages 4 pale blue, occasionally white,
usually unmarked, sometimes flecked with brown. 1.1" (28 mm).
Incubation period: 12-14 days
Fledge: 14-16 days after hatching
Longevity Record: 13 Years and 11 months (according to USGS
Bird Banding Lab)
Timelapse of American Robin Nesting Season
Watch an American Robin Remove a Parasitic Cowbird Egg
In 1931, the American Robin was chosen the Michigan State Bird. It had been favored by the Michigan Audubon Society. Sponsors called the robin
"the best known and best-loved of all the birds in the State of Michigan."