U.S. State Bird of Maine and Massachusetts
- Black-capped Chickadee
The Black-capped Chickadee is the State Bird of two states: Maine and Massachusetts.
The Black-capped Chickadee is a common bird of northern forests. They are small birds, yet are
able to survive harsh Northern winters and are one of the easiest birds to attract to a bird feeder.
American Ornithologist'Union Common Name: Black-capped Chickadee
Family: Paridae, Chickadees & Titmice
Scientific name: Poecile atricappilus
Length: 5.25 inches (13 cm)
Diet: Insects, seeds, fruit, spiders and their eggs.
Song of most populations a simple, high, pure
whistle freebee, with second note lower than first and relative
pitch of two notes constant; sometimes sounds three-noted, second part
broken by slight falter but no real temporal break fee beeyee.
Common and familiar call chickadee dee dee dee. Contact call a
sharp chik or tsik slightly harsh, often leading into
chick-a-dee call. Gargle call a complex, descending jumble of
short notes and alarm a very high, thin series teeteeteeteetee;
both similar in all chickadees.
Habitat: Mixed and deciduous woods; willow
thickets, groves, shade trees, clearings, suburbs. Usually forages in
thickets, low branches of trees.
Displays: Courtship: simple pursuit of female by male.
Number of broods: 1
Nest: Excavates or enlarges snag cavity usually
4-8 feet, but up to 40 feet above ground; rarely in coniferous tree; lined
with plant down, moss, feathers, hair, insect cocoons.