West Virginia State Bird
- Official West Virginia State Bird Name: Cardinal
- American Ornithologists' Union Common Name: Northern Cardinal
- Also Know As: Red Bird
- Family: Cardinalidae, Cardinals
- Scientific name: Cardinalis cardinalis
- Length: 8.75" (22 cm)
- Diet: Primarily insects, but also seeds & fruit.
Song a series of high, clear, sharp, mostly slurred
whistles woit woit woit woit chew chew chew chew chew or
pichew pichew tiw tiw tiw tiw tiw; many variations. Call a high,
hard tik; also a softer, rising twik.
- Habitat: Woodland edges, thickets, suburban
gardens, towns, swamps.
- Displays: Male and female with outstretched necks and erect
crests sway bodies from side to side while singing softly.
- Number of broods: 2, 3, occasionally 4 broods.
- Nest: In bramble thickets or tree saplings, 1-15' above ground;
compact and well lined to flimsy and scarcely lined; of weed stems,
pliable twigs, bark strips, grass rootlets, with leaves and paper
interwoven, lined with fine grass, hair.
- Eggs: Averages 3-4 grayish-, bluish-,
greenish-white eggs, marked with browns, grays, purples. 1.0" (25 mm).
- Incubation period: 12-13 days
- Fledge: 9-10 days after hatching
- Longevity Record: 15 Years and 9 months (according to USGS
Bird Banding Lab)
The cardinal was made the official West Virginia State Bird by House Concurrent Resolution No. 12, adopted by the Legislature on March 7, 1949, authorizing a vote by pupils of public schools and civic organizations.
West Virginia Birds
Cardinals are considered one of America's favorite backyard birds and is the State Bird
of six other states besides West Virginia:
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