U.S. State Bird of Missouri and New York
- Eastern Bluebird
The Eastern Bluebird is the State Bird of two states: Missouri and New York.
The once-prolific, Eastern Bluebird has been making a comeback from low numbers in the 1950s. The species suffered because natural nesting cavities were
in short supply. They have recovered in part because many people provide special
nesting boxes along fence rows for bluebirds, to supplement natural
American Ornithologist'Union Common Name: Eastern Bluebird
Family: Turdidae, Thrushes
Scientific name: Sialia sialis
Length: 7" (18 cm)
Diet: Insects, fruit, earthworms, snails, other
invertebrates; especially berries. Young fed primarily insects.
Hawking often from low perch, catching insects near ground. Very
dependent on berries in winter.
Voice: Song a pleasing soft phrase of mellow whitstles
chiti WEEW wewidoo and variations. Call of similar pleasant
musical quality: a soft, husky whistle jeew or jeew wiwi;
also a short, dry chatter.
Habitat: Found in open woodlands, farmlands,
Displays: Courting male sings and flutters in front of
female, wings half open, tail spread, then perches beside and preens
female, and may offer food.
Number of broods: 2, occasionally 3.
Nest: Often in woodpecker-excavated cavity; loose
cup of grass, weed stems, pine needles, twigs, occasionally with hair
or feathers. Built in average of 10-11 days. Female occasionally
builds more than one nest.