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Hummingbird Food Recipe Make Your Own Nectar
To make your hummingbird food recipe solution, follow these instructions without
deviation from ingredients. When creating a sugar solution for your feeder, the best ratio is 1 part
white, granulated sugar to 4 parts water, since this closely approximates the
concentrations found in the
of wildflowers they prefer.
To make a little over 1 cup of hummingbird nectar recipe solution (normally enough to
fill a standard feeder) follow the below directions:
Stir 1/4 cup of white granulated sugar into the 1 cup of heated water.
Stir until sugar dissolves.
Cool, fill your hummingbird feeder and serve!
Any leftover nectar can be
stored in the refrigerator for 2 weeks.
Higher Concentrations of Hummingbird Food Recipe
Are higher concentrations harmful? No research has shown that higher concentrations
are not harmful to hummingbirds. In fact, Blem et al. (2000) found that Rufous Hummingbirds (Selasphorus rufus) preferred a sugar concentration of 50% when
presented with solutions varying in concentration from 10-70%.
Janet Asked: I messed up and did three water and one sugar, is that
going to hurt them?
Answer: No, it will not harm them. The higher concentration of sugar
will just give them an extra boost of calories. In fact, higher concentrations (up to 1:1) can be made, especially during cold migration
periods. But if you are feeding during the warmer months, just go back to the
4:1 ratio on the next batch.
Lower Concentrations of Hummingbird Nectar Recipe
And what about lower concentrations? The more diluted the nectar, the more
consumption of nectar is needed to satisfy a hummingbird's energy requirements. McWhorter and Martez del Rio (1999)
found that, depending
on sugar concentration, Broad-tailed Hummingbirds (Selasphorus platycercus)
consumed volumes of nectar ranging from 1.6 to 5.4 times their body mass per
Weaker concentrations are less attractive to hummers & you'll find they may
just stop coming to your feeder to find a better, concentrated source.
addition, because hummingbirds will have to consume more of a dilute nectar to get the
same energy from a concentrated one, their bodies will have to work harder. The
rate of energy assimilation may be constrained by excess water elimination.
So when making your hummingbird food recipe solution, don't go weaker than the 1:4 ratio of
sugar to water.
Honey and Artificial Sweeteners
The sugar in flower nectar is primarily sucrose, like that of white sugar. So
don't use honey in your feeder, which is primarily composed of fructose &
glucose. Hummingbirds can't digest it as efficiently. Fermentation & mold
growth also occurs faster in
honey solutions than those made from granulated sugar. This mold (fungus)
can give the hummingbirds a fatal tongue infection. Do not use
artificial sweeteners either which provide no calories (no energy).
Should I Add Red Artificial Food Dye To My Hummingbird Feeder?
Jann Asked: Thank you for your Hummingbird food recipe. I have just
bought some new feeders and will be trying it out for the first time tomorrow.
My question: I have seen some commercially available syrup preparations which
are red. Is there any advantage to putting in food coloring to make the syrup
red? My feeders are of clear plastic with red bases and little yellow 'flowers'
at the access tubes.
Jill Also Asked: I heard the red dye in store bought food causes a problem
with their kidneys after so long? Or have the companies changed the dye in the
Answer: Just don't go there. There is no need to make red nectar and although I still to
this day have not found SOLID, scientific evidence that red dye is harmful to
hummingbirds, it's better and simpler to just leave it out. It's artificial,
not natural, period. Purchasing hummingbird food is a marketing rip-off. All you
need is regular, white granulated sugar and water to make your own at the 1:4
ratio which is fairly cheap.
Your feeder mostly
likely has red parts on it, either the base or top or both. Put it up and they
will come. If you are having trouble initially attracting hummingbirds to your
feeder, then you may want to exaggerate the red by adding red ribbons, red
flowers, red-anything to lure them in. If there are hummingbirds cruising around in your
neighborhood and your feeder is visible, they will find it and return often
without needing red food coloring.
Is it Okay To Use Unrefined, Turbinado Raw Sugar or Brown Sugar for Hummingbird Food?
Susan Asked: Hello, I was looking at your recipe for hummingbird food
and have a question. I have organic raw sugar made from evaporated sugar cane
juice. (I'm at work and I don't have the exact specifications.) It's supposed to
work exactly like regular granulated sugar--it does in baking. Can I use this in
a hummingbird feeder or should I go purchase some regular white sugar?
Answer: Unrefined sugar from sugar cane has iron, mineral salts and
other minerals that are not present in white granulated sugar (only sucrose) nor
in natural flower nectar. While a better choice for humans, the added minerals
in unrefined sugar may have an adverse affect on hummingbirds. Brown sugar has
molasses added to it which also contains iron and other minerals. Plain, white
granulated sugar is best for making your hummingbird solution.
Hummingbird Sugar Concentration
Dick Said: Yours may be the only site on the Internet that properly
explains sugar concentrations when feeding hummingbirds. It seems to me that the
percent sugar in a 1:4 solution is around 16.8%. The 16.8 percent figure is
based on the C&H Sugar Company figure of 191.766 grams per 8 ounces :1:4 =
16.8%, 1:3 = 21.27%, 1:2 = 28.8%, 1:1 = 44.7 %. The 1:2 ratio is still less than
the sugar concentration in many hummingbird attracting plants.
Bliss Said: Thanks, Dick. We did take some time researching sugar
concentrations and why the 1:4 ratio is always suggested.
Yvone Asked: I read once, that homemade hummingbird food, may cause
diabetes in the hummingbird.? Is this true? Not sure which is best for our
hummingbirds. This is information that is extremely important to people who want
to have healthy hummingbirds come to their feeders. Please respond. Thank you.
Answer: If you use the 1:4 ratio of sugar to water, that solution
replicates the 20% sugar concentration naturally found in flowers that
hummingbirds prefer. But studies have shown that hummingbirds will get nectar
from flowers that have a sugar concentration as high as 70% or more. The danger
is making a sugar solution that is too low, not too high. A dilute solution will
cause hummingbirds to have to consume more nectar to get the same energy from a
concentrated one and their bodies will have to work harder. The rate of energy
assimilation may be constrained by excess water elimination.
Only scientific, professional peer-reviewed journal articles can provide any
substantial "proof" about organisms. I have not found any that have found
homemade hummingbird food to cause diabetes in hummingbirds.
Using Cane Syrup, Corn Syrup (Karo) in Hummingbird Feeders
Lyra Asked: Does anyone make a solution for hummingbirds using cane
syrup? We have nephew that thinks we like the stuff and he keeps sending it! We
are currently enjoying the annual migration of hummingbirds. We don't get many
but sometimes we have two or three at a time so I put feeders on both sides of
our house to eliminate squabbling.
Answer: The dark cane syrup has high amounts of iron than regular
white granulated sugar does not and can possibly be harmful to hummingbirds so
we advise against using dark cane syrup, sorghum molasses, etc.
What to do with all the excess syrup you don't want? Try mixing it with
butter (makes the taste milder, good on toast, biscuits, pancakes), use to make
caramel corn, or tell your nephew, "Thanks, we have enough cane syrup now to
last us a long time, we'll let you know when we need more!" :-)
Using Agave Nectar in Hummingbird Food Recipe
Lauren Asked: Can agave nectar be used instead of sugar in hummingbird
feeders? If so, what would be the recipe? Thanks.
Answer: Good question. I wasn't absolutely positive of the
answer myself, so I searched around & found this as an answer to using agave:
"Sheri Williamson (author of Peterson Field Guide Hummingbirds of North
America) pointed out that Agave Sweetener is not composed of the same sugar as
nectar, is less appealing to the hummingbirds, spoils faster and is prone to
ferment....Agave "nectar" (which is made from the plant's sap rather than its
flowers) contains no sucrose, the sugar that hummingbirds prefer and the
predominant sugar in the nectar of hummingbird-pollinated flowers. Its
predominant sugar is fermentation-friendly fructose (~50-90%), a major component
of the nectars of insect-pollinated flowers, and it contains other simple
carbohydrates that could contribute to accelerated spoilage."
So I would stick to using simple white sugar (4:1 water to sugar ratio). It's
what hummingbirds require for energy and most closely replicates what they
naturally get from flower nectar. White sugar may be bad for us, but good for
Can I Give Hummingbirds Fruit Juice?
Michael Asked: Can you give hummingbirds cranberry juice?
Paul Similarly Asked: I was watching a ruby-throated hummingbird at my
nectar feeder, and saw him fly over to a tray feeder I had provided with grape
jelly for Baltimore Orioles. He seemed to be eating the thin juice that had
pooled in the corner of the feeder. My question is: Will a hummingbird eat 100%
Concord grape juice if I put it in a hummingbird feeder?
Answer: No, do not give hummingbirds fruit juice. Cranberry juice
especially is much too acidic. Juice will attract more ants and bees to your
feeders as well. The primary sugar found in natural flower nectar is sucrose.
Fruit juice sugar is fructose which is similar, but not the same. Keep it simple
and only feed hummingbirds the 4:1 water to plain white sugar solution.
Hummingbird Food Turned Yellow
Karen Asked: I made my own hummingbird nectar for the first time
today. I followed your recipe and used a clean stainless steel pot. The solution
turned out slightly yellow. Can I still use it?
Bliss Said: I don't know how the sugar solution would cause a reaction
to turn it yellow so I'm not sure if it is safe or not for the hummingbirds. I
always just heat the water in the microwave in a glass measuring cup so I
haven't come across this problem before.
I'm guessing you added the sugar to the pot and heated it that way? Can
you try boiling the water by itself in the pot and then add the hot water (being
careful, of course!) to the sugar in another container that is heat resistant?
Perhaps you won't get the yellowing that way. If the water turns yellow in the
pot without adding sugar, then maybe there is a mineral or something in your
water that is reacting with the pot. Also, read below...
Rinda Said: I find if I buy cheaper off-brand sugar that my solutions are
yellowish. Name-brand sugar produces a clear solution, made the identical way.
Bliss Said: I always use the cheapest brand of white, granulated sugar
and occasionally have noticed our solutions being slightly yellowish in color.
Refined sugar is bleached white by adding sulfur dioxide. Phosphoric acid and
calcium hydroxide are also added and the syrup is then strained through a carbon
filter to remove any remaining color impurities.
I imagine that it is possible for some companies to not have as thorough a
process to remove the brown color crystals from the raw sugar. Therefore, when a
hummingbird sugar solution is made, it may appear yellowish in color from those
sugar crystals that are not completely bleached, but it is perfectly fine for
Supplementing Hummingbird Food - Nutritional Needs and Vitamins
Peter Asked: Clearly, the high calorie sugar solutions are providing
hummers with needed energy. But what about their nutritional needs? Is there
anything nutritive I can add to the sugar solution, to help me over my
"fattening up the hummingbirds" guilt? Thanks.
Bliss Said: Excellent question. It's true that hummingbirds cannot
live on sugar alone. Amino acids, of course, are the building blocks of life and
cannot be built from only flower nectar even though it does contain small
amounts of protein and salts.
Hummingbirds obviously need calcium in their diet for bones and developing egg
shells as well as other nutrients. That is why their diet is supplemented by
eating insects. Hummingbirds will steal insects from spider webs and the
leftover carcass shells (exuvia) that spiders leave behind once they suck all the "juice"
out of them. They also eat gnats, aphids and other invertebrates.
Now to answer your question about adding to the sugar solution to make it more
nutritional... Well, we don't have an absolute answer because we haven't found a
scientifically-based answer that can tell us what would be the right amount of
anything to add without being harmful or even toxic to the hummingbirds. Just
like it's possible for humans to overdose on vitamins/minerals it is the same
with hummers. But we are still digging for info and will let you know if we find
To play it safe, just stick with the sugar solution and let the hummingbirds
naturally supplement their diet. If you really want to experiment, I guess you
could put something out near your feeder that would attract small insects (i.e.,
food that would attract fruit flies, etc.). This way they could have their
appetizer (sugar solution) and entree (insects) all in one place! And I wouldn't
worry or feel guilty about "fattening up the hummingbirds" unless you start to
see a few getting lazy and hanging around the feeder in mini-barcaloungers. :-)
Learn more about
nectar, placement of your feeder, deterring feeder pests and more.